Thursday, July 14, 2016

Just Governance for Human Security Day Three Report

The third day of the Just Governance for Human Security began with an optional early morning ceremony hosted by First Nation Canadians, followed by a time of quiet, sharing and reflection. 

Following this came the human factor, where a member of the Caux-International Panel of Elders, Andrew Stallybrass, shared a story of an individual's change. He told the story of Frank Buchman, the founder of Initiatives of Change change 

PlenaryThe struggle for Just Governance in business and community

How can everyone help combat corruption, heal divisions and create a governance that is just to all?

Katherine Marshall, Senior Fellow at Georgetown University, chaired this panel opening with a thought that just governance is high on the political agenda and encouraged the participants that through this discussion there would be many different practices shared on practical ways of combatting corruption in business and community. 

Leela Mani Paudyal is the former Chief Secretary, from the government of Nepal and he spoke on tax evasions on contracts and corruption in the financial sector. He looked at the characterstics of corruption, including lack of accountability and transparency, expensive elections, and controlled media.

Victoria Vdovychenko is the founder of the Institute of Policy and Governance based in Ukraine. An initiative which was sparked due to her first visit to Caux three years ago. . She spoke on the root causes of corruption and how that is evident and prominent in Ukraine. Her approach to addressing this looks at highlighting the importance of education and encouraging an approach based on thinking globally and acting locally.

Ed Mabaya has been named Top 42 innovators in Africa for his innovations around The African Seed Access Index. As an economist, he come from a business perspective, suggesting the need to link a number to corruption to bring attention to the need for good governance. The first step is holding public departments and governments to account. He stated, 'if you cannot measure corruption, then you cannot manage it and then you cannot change it.' 

Abdellatif Kissami is a member from the Institute of Conflict Prevention (ICP) working with the Managen Group in Morocco. He shared on his experience working in the mining sector, but also spent time discussing this new aspect of Corporate Social Responsbility (CSR) and what that looks like in business as a practical step towards addressing bad governance, suggesting that 'every stakeholder must ensure reponsibility.' 


Addressing the root causes of extremism was facilitated by Dr Imad Karam and Ron Lawlor, beginning with a moment of silence to allow each person to reflect on the word 'extremism,' before breaking out into groups and discussing it. Upon return from the breakouts, each group presented their thoughts and shared ideas suggesting some root causes as lack of love, food insecurity, climate change and environmental degration, fear, etc. There will be a continuation of this dialogue on another day of the programme.

The media's role in meeting global challenges with award winning Iraqi-Kurd film-maker Hiwa Osman, Ukrainian journalist, Oleksiy Matsuka and William Morris, Secretary-General of the New Century Foundation. Osman shared on the power of social media with ISIS and youth in Iraq, Morris  acknowledged the power of the Western narrative in influencing media and Matsuka discussed the persecution towards journalists pursuing exposure of Ukraine's realities. 

The Turkish-Armenian dialogue continued on from its beginnings on the first day of the programme. Each person in the dialogue had the chance to share their story and present photos of their personal history. With the intention of maintaing an honest and safe space, the main thing to overcome was the different stereotypes and perspective represented in the room, making it dificult to move forward towards healing, forgiveness, and reconciliation. Today's dialogue concluded with a beautiful musical composition performed by one of the participants, the composer previously a survivor of the Armenian genocide.

Combatting corruption for sustainable development was facilitated by Farai Maguwu, a recipient of Human Rights Watch Award for extraordinary activsim, and Katherine Marshall, Senior Fellow at Georgetown University. The discussion began around the acknolwegdement of an over-empahsis on corruption theory and intense academic analysis of it. But a change in ethics comes at the personal level, where individaul people are doing little things that are in their power to fight against corruption. It was shared that the "price of morality is still very high."

Ethics in government with Christian Golden and Ed Mabaya

Peacemaking with Paul van Tongeren and Daphrose Ntarataze Barampama was divided half in English, half in French, with each telling their story of peacemaking as individuals, and its effect on the world.


Evening Programme

We ended with the day's programme with an evening at the marketplace, where particpants of the conference could come and display information on their initiatives and organizations back from their communities. Some displayed African jewelry, others displayed leaflets and brochures, some even had solar lights for sale.  Following the marketplace, participants had the opportunity to watch a documentary film, Girl Rising, looking at the empowerment of young girls and their quest towards education and societal progression.



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